Thursday, December 26, 2019
While it may be more exciting and relevant to read the work of contemporary thinkers, it is also beneficial for aspiring sociologists to familiarize themselves with the work of earlier theorists. As our world progresses and society becomes more self aware, we discover issues and angles that the founders of sociology missed. Even though studying the founders comes across contradictory at times because sociologists are interested in correcting social injustices and most of the earlier theorists discriminated against one or more marginalized groups, it provides us with a foundation to build on for the work we do today. The purpose of this paper is to connect the work of two theorists, Jane Addams and Emile Durkheim, with my research projects, which will eventually become my dissertation. Both of these theorists are considered members of the sociological cannon and influenced the work of later theorists. My dissertation will focus on how probation officers are situated in society an d the challenges faced by people suffering from mental illness coming into contact with the criminal justice system. It will explore the welfare of officers, treatment of offenders, and the overall role of community supervision in the community. I will introduce my work and explain how the ideas of Addams and Durkheim are associated with my approach to this contemporary issue. It is important to note that I am currently the Assistant Chief at the Atlanta Felony Probation Office and will also beShow MoreRelatedIntroduction. Toronto, Including The Greater Toronto Area,1316 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pages000 people in 2005 (Monga Bay, n.d.). The fluctuation in population reflects a simple change in number over time and that change can cause an alteration of societal values, striving to change the criminal justice system. Youth probation officers have a role in the criminal justice system to supervise young offenders to ensure a compliance with court orders and are on good behaviour for an arranged period of time (Ministry of Community Safety and Correctional Service, 2016). Youth probation officersRead MorePrison Overcrowding And The Criminal Justice System Essay1497 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagescontinues to add stress on the entire criminal justice system. Public Defenders, wardens, judges, governors, and probation officers must amalgamate to help resolve this issue. These entities usually run independently from each other and do not continuously consider the influence decisions have on the prison system. This paper incorporates a panel discussion and media broadcast between a judge, a warden, a governor, a public defender, and a probation officer. After a fight breaks out at Elm HeightsRead MoreProbation Is The Criminal Justice System2410 Words Ã |Ã 10 PagesQuestion one Probation is defined as Ã¢â¬Ëthe conditional release of an offender into the community, under the supervision of a probation officer. The inclination made from this definition is that probation is not permanent and is revocable if certain conditions are not met as per the agreement between the criminal justice system and the offender (Schemalleger, 2009). The rations for probation are usually four: allowing the offender to be part of the communityÃ¢â¬â¢s reintegration services. It relies onRead MoreFurther, Research Has Been Done Specifically In The Realm1727 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesare on at one point or another, there are countless challenges that are faced by not only the offender, but the supervising staff. However, according to these researchers there are a number of things that supervising agencies can be doing to aid their mentally ill offenders in desisting from crime. First, the research conducted concluded that by having a strong working relationship with the mentally ill offenders that the case manager, officer, etc. is supervising is essential to build trust. SecondRead MorePolice Misconduct And The Shooting Death Of Michael Brown861 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesIntroduction Community policing in America today has been tremendously affected over the past two years by a number of events involving the police and their interactions with people of color, and minority communities. Most of these problems between the police and minority communities have stemmed from incidents and reports of police misconduct and abuses of power, use of excessive force, and increases in police involved shootings. One major events that drew national attention, caused problems, andRead MoreQuestions On Detention And Imprisonment Essay3721 Words Ã |Ã 15 PagesBACKGROUND 2 3.1. Local legislations 2 3.2. International instruments 3 CHAPTER TWO 4 4. ALTERNATIVES TO DETENTION AND IMPRISONMENT IN THE JUSTICE SECTOR 4 4.1. PRE-TRIAL ALTERNATIVES 4 4.1.1. Referrals to alternative dispute resolution 4 4.1.2. Diversion 4 4.2. ALTERNATIVES AT THE TRIAL STAGE 5 4.2.1. Bail/bond 5 4.3. POST TRIAL ALTERNATIVES 5 4.3.1. Probation 5 4.3.2. Community service orders 6 4.3.3. Suspended sentences 6 4.3.4. fine 7 4.3.5. Payment of compensation 7 4.3.6. Security to keep theRead MoreLaw Enforcement in the 21st Century15936 Words Ã |Ã 64 PagesLaw Enforcement in a Democratic Society cha pt er 1 ISBN 0-558-46766-0 Law Enforcement in the 21 Century, Second Edition, by Heath B. Grant and Karen J. Terry. Published by Allyn Bacon. Copyright Ã © 2008 by Pearson Education, Inc. st Chapter Out line INTRODUCTION The Themes of the Book The Police Function: Social Control and the Use of Force Policing Within the Rule of Law: The Challenges of Discretion The Delicate Balance: Crime Control versus Due Process The Levels of Law Enforcement MunicipalRead MoreCriminal Justice System : Crime, Policing, Courts, And Corrections3651 Words Ã |Ã 15 PagesThe analysis of a Criminal Justice System should take place in four sections: crime, policing, courts, and corrections. Crime occurs ubiquitously in the world; crime is so common that there is an entire profession made to study why crime occurs, there is also another profession meant to enforce the laws that define what is criminal. South Korea, like most other countries, has a common requirement to enter their criminal justice system: committing a crime is the first step in the process. The mostRead MoreModernizing Mental Healthcare And The Juvenile Justice System Essay2186 Words Ã |Ã 9 PagesModernizing Mental Healthcare in The Juvenile Justice System Rhoshunda Ellis Walden University Modernizing Mental Healthcare in The Juvenile Justice System Introduction As a Human Services Professional with a background in criminal justice, this article will focus on accessing and helping juvenile offenders in the United States struggling with mental health disorders. For sentenced juveniles with behavioral problems and concerns of mental health, being included in a juvenile mental health court canRead MoreRe-entry: Prison and Reentry Programs4772 Words Ã |Ã 20 PagesMany criminals are sent to jail on a day to day basis. Once they have completed their sentence they are faced with many problems once they are Ã¢â¬Å"freeÃ¢â¬ . These problems can be but are not limited to housing, employment, and substance abuse. The prisoner, once they are released, has a tendency to go back to their old ways and to continue the life of crime they were a part of prior to prison. To avoid this, while a prisoner is in prison, the staff creates a reentry program for the prisoner. The reentry
Wednesday, December 18, 2019
Material and ideological conditions are integral components of a market society, which interacted and changed the ways we view market society today. I will discuss the shift from traditional societies to a market society to explain what Polanyi refers to as Ã¢â¬Å"the great transformationÃ¢â¬ . I will then talk about the changes that have occurred in the workplace, the impact on these workers, and the worldview of those in a market society. According to Polanyi, a market economy becomes a market society when all land, labour and capital are commodified (Polanyi, 1957). A market society is a structure, which primarily focuses on the production and distribution of commodities and services. This takes place through a free market system, which allowsÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦As Bendix explains, Weber believed that if a manÃ¢â¬â¢s hard work was seen as being naturally rewarding, that he would then work for his personal satisfaction (Bendix, 1962). This is referred to as the Ã¢â¬ Å"spirit of capitalismÃ¢â¬ , which is a contrasted term to Ã¢â¬Å"traditionalismÃ¢â¬ , where workers prefer less work to more pay, seek maximum comfort and minimum exertion during working hours, and are unable or unwilling to adapt themselves to new methods of work. Adherence to Ã¢â¬Å"traditionalismÃ¢â¬ is incompatible with the idea of Ã¢â¬Å"hard work as a virtue and hence a moral obligationÃ¢â¬ , or the Ã¢â¬Å"spirit of capitalismÃ¢â¬ (Bendix, 1962, p.52). Therefore, the Ã¢â¬Å"spirit of capitalismÃ¢â¬ is the idea and quality of living, which favours the rational pursuit of economic gain. A manÃ¢â¬â¢s hard work was to be seen as naturally rewarding and would therefore work for his own personal satisfaction. PolanyiÃ¢â¬â¢s describes Adam SmithÃ¢â¬â¢s idea of the Ã¢â¬Å"economic manÃ¢â¬ , as a notion of human nature in which we are meant to exchange (Polanyi, 1957). Since we are living in a market society, people must adopt a capitalistic mindset that seeks individual advantage that puts individual needs over social needs. This mindset supports the capitalist mode of production, as we concern ourselves with making money so we can buy things, which is essentially capitalisms goal. With this mindset, workers strive to work longer hours on clock time, to earn a wage in order to buy things for their own satisfaction. Bendix also discussesShow MoreRelatedAnalysis Of Karl Polanyi s Societies And Economic Systems 1389 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pages Transformation of The Workplace In Karl PolanyiÃ¢â¬â¢s article Ã¢â¬Å"Societies and Economic SystemsÃ¢â¬ , Karl RinehartÃ¢â¬â¢s Ã¢â¬ËAlienation and the Development of Industrial Capitalism in CanadaÃ¢â¬â¢, and Richard BendixÃ¢â¬â¢s Ã¢â¬Å"Aspects of Economic Rationality in the WestÃ¢â¬ , the emergence and transformation to a market society is displayed through ideological and material conditions. Polanyi attempts to uncover the rise of the market economy by examining past economic structures and the change in the role of commoditiesRead MoreIn The Great Transformation, Karl Polanyi Speaks Of The1528 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesof the shift from traditional society to a market society as the Ã¢â¬Ëgreat transformationÃ¢â¬â¢. In The Making of Economic Society, Robert Heilbroner addresses key areas in which our market society differs from previous social structures. In The Tyranny of Work, James W. Rinehart addresses how this shift affected workers. Finally, through interpretation of Max WeberÃ¢â¬â¢s wor ks in Max Weber, Richard Bendix addresses how the Protestant Reformation made way for the work ethic required for a market society to flourishRead MoreAnalysis Of Cornel West, An American Philosopher And Political Activist1444 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesÃ¢â¬Å"We live in a predatory capitalist society in which everything is for sale. Everybody is for sale, so there is ubiquitous commodification.Ã¢â¬ This quotation by Cornel West, an American philosopher and political activist, conveys the widespread objectification of human beings in our society. The narrow, traditional image of prostitution has experienced a dramatic shift in the post-industrial American society. Sex workers are not automatically considered to be from low-income, marginalized groups, andRead MoreKarl Polanyi, Max Weber And Robert Heilbroner1540 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagespresent in the modern society and those before, each influencing the other. Material conditions determine an individualÃ¢â¬â¢s way of life, the wages t hey collect, and how such earnings determine social class. It is through ideological conditions that ideas derive, which give birth to the ways civilization behaves and operates. This paper will look at a series of theoretical works by Karl Polanyi, James Rinehart, Max Weber, and Robert Heilbroner, deliberating the market society and its progression inRead MoreEssay on Market Society1680 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesexplain about the important shift to market society by explaining the material and ideological conditions that help integrate the society to transform into the market society. Firstly, this paper is going to explain the material conditions by showing what characterizes a market society and this also show how the market society differs from the structures of the previous social organization, and also the changes that take place in the workplace due to the shift to market society. Secondly, this paper willRead MoreThe Emergence Of Market Society1573 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesThe whol e society has become a market. Societies used to consist of people that were governed by certain ideologies, laws, and practices. Being driven by capitalism, society has developed everything into a commodity, in which we now call a market society. Other socio-economic communities historically had concepts that were different from what is predominated in our present society. The emergence of market society establishes the great transformation from a traditional society to a market economy thatRead MoreTraditional Aboriginal Art As A Communication Tool Throughout Australian Aboriginal History993 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesTraditional Aboriginal Art Art has been used as a communication tool throughout Australian aboriginal history. They were utilized to convey knowledge of ancestral pasts and tapping into the spiritual power of their beliefs. In a traditionally oriented Aboriginal society, art was also very valuable. It was placed under such high regards that producing them are being controlled and access to them are restricted to only people of certain status . The body of the artwork are also predetermined. ThusRead MoreEssay on Multinationalism and Globalization in Britain1133 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesregarded as a Postmodern society, and if this is the case must be subject to two of the central issues of this circumstance: those of first globalisation, then multinationalism. What is it that these concepts constitute that affects contemporary British society? The academic, David Held describes globalisation as the increasing extent, intensity, velocity and impact of world-wide interconnectedness - that is the growing extent to which societies, more local groupingsRead MoreThe Main Point Rebecca Traister Is Attempting To Make In1177 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesThe main point Rebecca Traister is attempting to make in her novel, All the Single Ladies, is one concerning the radical shift in the idea of womenÃ¢â¬â¢s roles within American society since the post-war period. More specifically, Traister argues that this shift has resulted in a redefinition of what it means to be a woman, one that expands previously rigid role categories. Traister argues that itÃ¢â¬â¢s because of this redefinition that we see such a large decrease in married individuals within the UnitedRead MoreThe Case Study Of Barbies Success Story1007 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pages BARBIEÃ¢â¬â¢S SUCCESS STORY Friday 12 August 2011 THE CASE The case examines the evolution of the Barbie doll over the years from its launch in 1959. It explores the product development strategies adopted by Mattel for Barbie and the reasons for the success of Barbie. The case also explores changes in Barbie s image along with the changes in American society. The criticism leveled against Barbie by feminists has also been described. The case also examines the challenges that Barbie could
Tuesday, December 10, 2019
Examine and comment on contrasting standpoints about God and/or existence in relation to the topic you have investigated. Christianity and Hinduism seem to have profoundly different views in relation to God and/or existence. For example, creation within Christian belief is primarily ex-nihilo (out of nothing). God created everything in 7 days from the light and darkness, to the day of rest. This can be illustrated by reference to Genesis 1:1 Ã¢â¬â 2:4a Ã¢â¬Å"In the beginning God created the heavens and the EarthÃ¢â¬ From this it is quite clear that God pre-existed before the beginning of creation. In contrast, Hindus reject the concept that something can come from nothing for several reasons such as, the Bhagavad Gita (BG) states the eternality of matter: Material nature and the living entities should be understood to be beginninglessÃ¢â¬ and also, from the Rig Veda: Ã¢â¬ËThere was neither non-existence nor existence: there was no realm of air, no sky beyond itÃ¢â¬â¢ Instead they believe that the sacred sound Ã¢â¬ËOmÃ¢â¬â¢ (a symbol of Brahman) was the first sound of creation. There was always something before creation, as it is an impossible notion to assume that anything can come from nothing. Brahman (the one ultimate reality) is believed to have 3 functions, which are shown by 3 Gods: Shiva, Brahma and Vishnu. He is the source of all manifestations. The universes are created by Lord Brahma, the creator, maintained by Lord Vishnu, the preserver, and destroyed by Lord Shiva, the destroyer. Brahman was before creation in which he was unmanifest; this is similar to God in Christianity as he is a spirit and is incomprehensible. Ã¢â¬ËThe wind from God is invisibleÃ¢â¬â¢. Both religions state that Ã¢â¬ËGodÃ¢â¬â¢ created the universe by the power of his word/command. e. g. Ã¢â¬ËLet there be lightÃ¢â¬â¢), and with reference to The Cosmological argument, God within Christianity is timeless and spaceless, because this was part of his creation, the same as Brahman. However, whilst both GodÃ¢â¬â¢s are eternal, it may not be clear that Brahman is outside time and space (primeval). Whilst both religions seem to be in this context, they are however similar in how they perc eive their Ã¢â¬ËGodÃ¢â¬â¢. Within Christianity, there is only one God and he is described as Ã¢â¬ËholyÃ¢â¬â¢ Ã¢â¬â meaning special, separate and different. He is Omniscient (Infinite knowledge), omnipotence (ultimate power), omnipresence (present everywhere) and Omnibenevolent (All loving) Ã¢â¬â This can again be demonstrated from Genesis; Ã¢â¬ËGod must be timeless and spaceless to have been pre-existent before the beginningÃ¢â¬â¢ Similarly, Hindus believe that there is one true God, the supreme spirit, called Brahman. They suggest that Brahman is present in every person as the eternal spirit of their soul (showing a similar belief to an Omnipresent God). To Hindus, Brahman contains everything: To Christians, God IS everything. Hindu scriptures tell us that realizing our true essence (atman) as Brahman, will mean an end to all suffering, which can be contemplated to say that Brahman also has and omnibenevolent nature. However, raising one of the main conflicting comparisons between the two religions; Christians are monotheistic, they believe in only one personal God; this allows for a deity-devotee relationship. A loving relationship between God/Goddess and worshiper) Romans 5:8: Ã¢â¬Ëbut God shows his love for us in that while we were still sinners, Christ died for usÃ¢â¬â¢ Within Hinduism, everything is one. (Monism) Whilst itÃ¢â¬â¢s similar, in a way that God in Christianity has 3 descriptions Ã¢â¬ËThe God, the father, and the holy spiritÃ¢â¬â¢, and God (Brahman) in Hinduism is made out up of 3 forms; there are still conflicts that arise as there cannot be a deity-devotee relationship within Hinduism beliefs. (I. e. you c annot have a relationship if everything is one). In some aspects, Hinduism Is believed to be a polytheistic religion for the Gods and Goddesses are all real, separate and personal individuals to love and worship. On this belief, there is a strong deity-devotee relationship which is able. Like any relationship, arguably both sides should be getting something out of it Ã¢â¬â love, trust, gratitude, protection etc. Also, confusion and doubt at times. Although, in the case of a relationship with God/Goddess, it includes faith Ã¢â¬â which is necessary for God is so unique and incomparable. We can compare faith in Christianity and Hinduism; for example, Job, an extremely righteous man innocently suffering the loss of his possessions and family, still devotes himself to God: Ã¢â¬ËThough he slay me, yet will I trust in him: but I will maintain mine own ways before himÃ¢â¬â¢ his faith is not broken and he is later rewarded; this is similar to Jnana Yoga in Hinduism beliefs. The faith performed in the practice is the key because ultimately the intellect is abandoned; utter dedication to a true understanding of one self will result in liberation (Moksha). Thus showing that both religions similarly have a challenging faith to undertake, although Christianity is more based on trust and understanding; they follow rules (the 10 commandments) to show God their dedication and faith; whereas in Hinduism, you are trying to gain the trust and understanding for yourselves. (E. g. in yoga, the realisation after all desires of Samsara are ridden, that you are one, everything is one) From this, suffering is understandably a major problem for both religions. For Christians, there are many arguments for the resolution of suffering; however the main one being reinforced by Augustine stating that since God endowed people with free will, we are able to choose freely to do evil or to do well. It is a test. Ã¢â¬Å"When the will abandons what is above itself, and turns to what is lower, it becomes evil not because that is evil to which it turns, but because the turning itself is wickedÃ¢â¬ (Hick, quoting Augustine p. 60. In Christianity hell is deemed as the eternal fate for sinners, in Hinduism it is a constant cycle of rebirths Ã¢â¬â an entrapment in Samsara. (Bhagavad Gita) Ã¢â¬Å"As a man casts off his worn-out clothes and takes on other new ones, so does the embodied soul cast off his worn-out bodies and enters other newÃ¢â¬ . Nonetheless, both Christian and Hindu beliefs take into account free will and own choices as a cause of suffering. Within Hinduism, Karma is the sum of a personÃ¢â¬â¢s actions in this and his previous state of existence; it follows as an effect of a cause. Both religions are also content to embrace the existence of suffering in the world, and in doing so, obtain Moksha (Hinduism), a release from the cycle of Samsara; and a new life brought up by God for Christians. Both therefore offer salvation through faith, love, and understanding, although it is also obvious to state that within Christianity salvation is found through God and Jesus Christ, whereas in Hinduism it is found from oneÃ¢â¬â¢s own efforts (E. g. in Yoga). Incarnation is apparent in both religions; Jesus Christ and Krishna. Christians believe the incarnation of Jesus Christ was for the assurance of eternal life; by being born as a human being, and then dying on the cross, Jesus made Ã¢â¬Ëlife after deathÃ¢â¬â¢ possible. Jesus said, Ã¢â¬ËI am the resurrection and the life. He who believes in me will live, even though he dies. Ã¢â¬â¢ They believe if they follow JesusÃ¢â¬â¢s teachings, and accept him as their Lord and saviour, then this new resurrection life awaits them. KrishnaÃ¢â¬â¢s mission however being somewhat simpler was to rid the world of villains and produce a glimpse into the private life of God (increasing the chance of a deity-devotee relationship). Another difference being that Krishna is believed to of been incarnated many times for various different tasks. As we have already established, within Hindu beliefs, we are all trapped in the cycle of Samsara (i. e. reincarnation). Hindus believe that a personÃ¢â¬â¢s atman (spirit) is permanent and cannot change while the physical body is not permanent and can change. The atman is reborn many times and death is seen as a natural event so that the atman can move nearer to the ultimate release from rebirth; once the atman has reached moksha it can rest. Similar to this, Christians also believe in a life after death, however there are many different aspects to this life. Some, (E. g. Roman Catholics) believe in purgatory which is a time of cleansing from sin and preparing for heaven. Some also believe in hell, which is a place of evil and suffering for those who have sinned; Many Christians believe that there is a place in the Kingdom of God for members of other faiths, and for many who have not even believed in God on earth but have Ã¢â¬Ëdone the will of GodÃ¢â¬â¢ in many ways without knowing it. It has been told the in Christianity, heaven and hell is far too simplistic. John Hicks theodicy: Ã¢â¬ËItÃ¢â¬â¢s not reincarnation but itÃ¢â¬â¢s similar, it has an emphasis on further opportunities after death to grow and develop. Ã¢â¬â¢ This means that whilst both religions show an aspect to reincarnations within their beliefs; the true goal is to produce a loving relationship that is brought up with God in salvation after death. Both Hinduism and Christianity reject materialism as a substantial way of reaching salvation, as they are only temporary desires with minimal fulfilment. Jesus said: Ã¢â¬ËEasier for a camel to go through the eye of a needle, than for a rich man to enter the kingdom of heavenÃ¢â¬â¢. Hindus show their ignorance to material possessions through yoga and deep dedication to God. As a conclusion Christianity and Hindu beliefs for God and/or existence, both highlight some similar concepts, such as life after death and Incarnation, yet have more conflicting differences; God, worship and salvation.
Monday, December 2, 2019
Phylum Annelida Essay Phylum Annelida L. annelleus = little ring Annelida have bodies consisting of many essentially similar ringlike segments (somites or metameres). This segmentation usually shows in both external and internal features, including muscles, nerves, and circulatory, excretory and reproductive organs. Phylum Annelida This phylum is divided into three classes: Oligochaeta: Earthworms Most earthworms and their equals are inhabitants of damp soil and fresh waters. Hirudinea: Leeches The leeches are found mainly in fresh water or on moist ground. Polychaeta: Bristle-worms The marine worms are found chiefly in close vicinity of the shore. Ã¢â¬ ¢OLIGOCHAETA = Earthworms Ã¢â¬ ¢HIRUDINEA = Leeches Ã¢â¬ ¢POLYCHAETA = Bristle-worms Some annelids are free-living, many inhabit burrows or dwell in tubes, some are commensals on other aquatic animals (few are ecto- or endoparasites), and many of the leeches attach to vertebrates. Ã¢â¬ ¢Symmetry bilateral. Triploblastic. The body is elongate and usually conspicuously segmented both internally and externally. Ã¢â¬ ¢Appendages are minute rodlike chitinous setae, little to many per somite. Polychaeta have fleshy tentacles on its head and has the setae situated on the lateral fleshy parapodia. Most species of the class Hirudinea lack setae. Ã¢â¬ ¢The Body is covered by a thin moist cuticle over columnar epithelium containing unicellular gland cells and sensory cells. Both the body wall and the digestive canal has layers of circular and longitudinal muscles. The body cavity (coelom) is well developed (except in the leeches) and is divided by septa in the Oligochaeta and Polychaeta. Ã¢â¬ ¢A complete digestive canal is present in a tubular shape, extending the whole length of the body. A closed circulatory system of longitudinal blood vessels with branches extending laterally in each segment. Dissolved hemoglobin and free amoebocytes are usually present in the blood plasma. Respiration occurs via the epidermis or through gills in some tube dweller species. Ã¢â¬ ¢Excretory system consists of one pair of nephridia per segment(somite). Each of these nephridia removes waste from the coelom and bloodstream directly to the outside world. A nervous system is present with a pair of cerebral ganglia ( a brain) and connectives to a solid (double) midventral nerve cord extending the length of the body. We will write a custom essay sample on Phylum Annelida specifically for you for only $16.38 $13.9/page Order now We will write a custom essay sample on Phylum Annelida specifically for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Hire Writer We will write a custom essay sample on Phylum Annelida specifically for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Hire Writer The midventral nerve cord is connected to pairs of lateral nerves in each segment. Sensory cells and organs for touch, taste and the perception of light is also present. Ã¢â¬ ¢The sexes are united and the development in the case of Oligochaeta and Hirudinea are direct or the sexes are separate and the development includes a trocophore larval stage as with the Polychaeta. Ã¢â¬ ¢Some species of Oligochaeta and Polychaeta reproduce asexually by budding. Earthworms have long, cylindrical body that is divided into similar segments. The grooves that extend around the body of the worm show the arrangement of the segments. Earthworms have bilateral symmetry The first body segment is called the peristomium. The peristomium contains the mouth. Instead, they depend on their prostomium and sensory receptors in their skin to feel their way through the soil. The periproct is the last segment of an earthworm. Reference: Ã¢â¬ ¢Hickman Jr. C. P. and et al. , 2007. Animal Diversity 4th edition. Boston: McGrawHill Ã¢â¬ ¢http://www. naturewatch. ca/english/wormwatch/resources/anatomy. html
Wednesday, November 27, 2019
Dont Go Down in Flames Deal Only With Proven Writer Services Dont Go Down in Flames: Deal Only With Proven Writer Services Today, almost anyone who has an Internet connection can be a Ã¢â¬Å"proÃ¢â¬ writer. If you search the web to find a helper for your academic paper, you are sure to face many self-proclaimed academic writers offering assistance and promising a high-quality work. It is hard to know who of these writers are credible and trustworthy. Of course, it is hard to choose the writer if you donÃ¢â¬â¢t know much information about this person, and sometimes there are no reviews to help you make a decision. Choosing the wrong writer can be devastating for your finances as well as for your whole paper. You donÃ¢â¬â¢t want to end up with a late paper or have to pay a second writer to re-do the job. In order to avoid these issues, you need to search for the writer services you can trust. How can you determine which services are trustworthy? Keep reading to find out. Use a Credible Website One way to feel certain that you have selected a reliable writer is to use a credible source. Find companies or freelance websites that provide reviews and writerÃ¢â¬â¢s previous clientsÃ¢â¬â¢ feedback. This feedback can help you hire a writer who has great experience in writing. Often, these sites also offer services like assistance negotiating client-writer disputes if it is needed. On the other hand, you should avoid hiring writers through social networks. Most writers offering help via social networks are unreliable, or they can be scammers or fakes. Verify the WriterÃ¢â¬â¢s Reputation Never hire a writer with no reviews, no feedback, and no way for you to verify his/her reputation. ItÃ¢â¬â¢s better to find websites with posted ratings or reviews. Does the writer meet the deadline, or skip it? Does he/she provide customers with high-quality works? Would previous clients hire him/her again? If you are not able to use such a site, browse online forums for studentsÃ¢â¬â¢ advice about the high-quality writers to hire. Perhaps you have a friend who has used a writer service before and can steer you for the right direction. Whatever method you use, ensure that the writer you are hiring is known to be skillful and trustworthy. Avoid Language Barriers Language has nothing to do with skill, but it plays a leading role in your ability to communicate effectively with the writer you hire. Make sure you have a conversation with the selected writer, even via messages or email, to check that you are able easily to communicate your needs and expectations. In addition, you should hire a writer who is native or fluent in the language you expect for your academic paper. Otherwise, you may be very unhappy with the results. Request Samples If possible, it is always a good idea to view writerÃ¢â¬â¢s samples before hiring. Any truly professional writer should have several samples available for you, either in a public portfolio or upon your request. If you ask to see samples, and the writer does not provide you with them, this is a definite red flag. While viewing samples, look at such factors as grammar, spelling, writing style and vocabulary. Does it seem like this writer can handle the work you need? Can this person write at the level expected in your academic discipline? Is the sample relevant to your needs, or does it seem like this writer has no experience in the particular type of academic writing you require? Read carefully and make a smart informed decision. Ensure Safe Payment While paying online, ensure that your payment information is secured. Never give your credit card or bank account information to an individual, especially one that you do not know or have no reason to trust. It is better to use a third-party payment site like a PayPal to avoid the possibility of a theft or a fraud. Reputable freelance sites usually have some form of escrow or payment protection as well, and you do not have to pay the freelancer directly. Another tip, when it comes to payment, is to be careful with hiring writers with extremely low rates. It is better to pay a slightly higher price for a qualitative writing than to end up having to pay twice. If you have decided to search for academic writing assistance, use a trustworthy website, research to find a qualitative writer with excellent skills, and protect your payment method. Follow these tips to avoid getting burned!
Saturday, November 23, 2019
Reasons to Write Properly Reasons to Write Properly Reasons to Write Properly By Michael Why is it important to write correctly, to use standard grammar, spelling, and punctuation? Because you want people to understand you, thats all. Why are the picky details important? If my headline had said Write Good, wouldnt you understand that I meant Write Well? Maybe so, but its less distracting and easier to understand if I say it correctly. For a split second or longer, part of your mind would be confused, wondering if I was encouraging you to write about good things or something. Certainly part of your mind would wonder why you were seeing bad grammar in Daily Writing Tips. When my colleague Mark tried it as a joke, people noticed. Are you seeing my point? Scholars talk about prescriptive grammar and descriptive grammar. Prescriptive grammar means the way people are supposed to write. That has sometimes been misguided. As recently as the 19th century, some scholars taught that English should follow the rules of Latin because I cant think of a good reason now. On the other hand, descriptive grammar means the way people actually write, and thats hard to argue with. But isnt there a connection? Youre supposed to write the way people actually write, because its easier to understand that way. And because grammar changes over the centuries, grammar books do change as the language changes. Where students and teachers get into disagreements is when the young people insist that the way they write is now correct. Older teachers can recall saying the same thing when they were young, but in retrospect, being wrong. The slang of their youth didnt become a permanent part of the English language. Some students might say, I dont have to follow no made-up rules! If they say that, they are using a double negative, which was correct in Old English, before 1000 AD. After that, it was no longer correct. My advice: if English speakers have been following a rule for a thousand years, you might want to follow it too. People are probably used to it. Recognizing a pattern makes reading easier, and that includes patterns of grammar and spelling. Of course, we recognize letters from their shape. Its possible to read a line of text thats missing the bottom half of each letter, but difficult to read it without the top half. But research also suggests that the shape of a word helps us to recognize it. Even without my glasses, I can see that loop begins with an ascending letter and ends with a descending letter it slopes down while pool slopes up. When you type in ALL CAPS, every letter is the same height, so it not only looks like youre shouting, it also makes it much harder to read. Certain parts of contracts are legally required to be conspicuous, so they are often capitalized. But why? After all, putting them in bold or larger type is also conspicuous. Attorney Matthew Butterick, the author of Typography for Lawyers, says, All-caps paraÃ graphs are an example of self-defeatÃ ing typogÃ raÃ phy. Readers inevitably skip over the most important parts because theyÃ¢â¬â¢re so hard to read. I hope lawyers dont write Terms of Service in all-caps to keep us from reading them. My point: our brains understand things more easily because they fit our expectations. The reason I try to use proper grammar, spelling, and punctuation is not to impress my fourth grade teacher Mrs. Cascales. Alas, her jazz piano has been silent for many years, and she is no longer checking my writing for mistakes. No, I try to write correctly because its easier to read, because youve seen it written that way (AKA written correctly) before. Sometimes even minor grammatical choices can make reading slower or faster. I gave one example in my article Is That a Noun or a Verb? IÃ¢â¬â¢m Confused. When you dont have to struggle with understanding my spelling or punctuation, you can focus on understanding my meaning. People judge you by your language. In an article in the Harvard Business Review, Good Grammar Should Be EveryoneÃ¢â¬â¢s Business, Brad Hoover of Grammarly studied 100 LinkedIn profiles, all native English-speakers, all working in the consumer packaged goods industry, with three employers or less in the first 10 years of their careers. He discovered the ones with fewer grammar errors in their profile were promoted to director level or above within those 10 years, while the other half were not. In the musical My Fair Lady, Professor Higgins points out a lower-class flower girl and tells Colonel Pickering, If you spoke as she does, sir, instead of the way you do, why, you might be selling flowers too. When you leave out features in your writing that children learn in grade school, such as punctuation and capitalization, your readers will assume that you didnt complete grade school. Im not arguing for exalted language, but for clear communication. Big words can be as imprecise as little words. Some academic writing styles dont communicate more clearly, but only prove that you are an academic. Teachers and professors have to fight against spreading it. The improper use of passive voice is the best known symptom: It has been been demonstrated by Jenkins that instead of Jenkins proves that Weve written several articles to help you manage your use of passive voice, such as Passive Writing and 7 Examples of Valid Passive Construction. When I was working for a phone company, an older physician called about an unexpected bill he received. He said, This will not be disbursed. I couldnt resist saying, Oh, you mean you wont pay the bill? Apparently and unfortunately, he had been taught to use language as a barrier, to keep his patients in their place so they wouldnt question the bills he sends. Theres nothing wrong with short words. Some long words are used specifically to keep from stating the truth directly. Comedian George Carlin pointed out that what was called shell shock in the First World War became battle fatigue in the Second. Four syllables now, says Carlin. Takes a little longer to say. DoesnÃ¢â¬â¢t seem to hurt as much. Fatigue is a nicer word than shock. A corporation does not fire an employee; it arranges a negotiated departure or makes a workforce imbalance correction. Little things can have large consequences including punctuation. Lynne Truss, English author and broadcaster, notes that the 1905 October revolution in Russia began when Bolshevik printers demanded to be paid the same rate for punctuation marks as for letters. Truss hosted a BBC Radio broadcast about punctuation, Cutting a Dash, which led to a best-selling book in 2003. The title of the book, Eats, Shoots Leaves: The Zero Tolerance Approach to Punctuation, comes from a joke: A panda walks into a bar. He orders a sandwich, eats it, pulls out a gun, and fires two shots. The shocked bartender asks him why. The panda throws him a poorly-punctuated wildlife manual. Im a panda, he says, Look it up, and walks out the door. Sure enough, the entry for Panda reads, Large black-and-white bear-like mammal, native to China. Eats, shoots and leaves. Here you see that an extra comma can lead to increased gun violence. Truss also wrote childrens books: Twenty-Odd Ducks: Why, Every Punctuation Mark Counts (2008) The Girls Like Spaghetti: Why, You Cant Manage Without Apostrophes! (2007). Notice that in each title, removing two punctuation marks completely changes the meaning. Only after Eats, Shoots Leaves went to press (naturally), Truss found details on another story she wished she could have included in her book. It concerned New England merchant Timothy Dexter (Newburyport, Massachusetts, 1748-1806), who wrote a pamphlet called A Pickle for the Knowing Ones, using his own unique spelling and no punctuation. At the back of his second edition, he included this note: Nowing ones complane of my book the fust edition had no stops I put in a Nuf here and thay may peper and solt it as they plese I cant be certain, but think he meant, Knowing Ones complain of my book. The first edition had no stops [periods]. I put in enough here, and they may pepper and salt it as they please. It was followed by a page of punctuation marks for their use. The problem is that proper punctuation, spelling, and grammar are not condiments that can be added or left out on a whim. Not bothering to get them right may be easier on the writer, but harder on the reader. I think Dexters note proves my point, though I cant be certain, because Im not completely sure what he was trying to say. Want to improve your English in five minutes a day? Get a subscription and start receiving our writing tips and exercises daily! Keep learning! Browse the Writing Basics category, check our popular posts, or choose a related post below:Writing a Reference Letter (With Examples)Rules for Capitalization in Titles13 Theatrical Terms in Popular Usage
Thursday, November 21, 2019
Writing process before this class vs this class now - Essay Example Army, it was time for me to make life out of myself. In particular, this is the time when I had the opportunity to strive for higher education which I did not acquire while I was young. However, the experience in the first assignment on my memoir meant that I needed to acquire more knowledge in English if at all I was to become an orator and a respectable person in society. In this assignment, I only managed to get a C. This was because by writing neither reflected nor followed any of the process/rules of writing. In fact, my writing was not organized, had grammar, spelling and typo errors. Despite the challenges I went through in the first assignment on English 080 class, I encouraged myself and joined the English 090 class with the hope of turning the tables round. In this class we had to take the second assignment on writing a personal interview with my grandfather Thomas Clement II on CSM F despite not having done such. Although in this interview I had made a little improvement in my English, I only managed to get a C. Such poor performance resulted from the fact that despite having improved in my English, I had not achieved much on formatting the final written product. As such, I made proofreading errors which left my final paper with obvious clumsy and inappropriate wording and writing. As the saying goes, through determination and focus one can achieve much. I realized a big improvement in my English after taking my third assignment on Ã¢â¬Å"the importance of securing the boarder on US Safety and SecurityÃ¢â¬ . This was evidenced by a rise from a grade C to B+. To me, this was a great metamorphosis which could not be attributed to the fact that the assignment was on my experience as a U.S. Army officer, but on the fact that I had learnt a few tricks about the process and the rules of English writing in the course of my learning and my determination to correct the mistakes made on the previous in my next assignment. It is evident that effective
Wednesday, November 20, 2019
Intercultural communications - Term Paper Example As it is almost impossible to describe or explain any culture in a few words, but picking the most important facts, Thai culture could be said to be dynamic. One cannot describe Thai culture well without, first of all, mentioning the royal family. Everything in this South East Asian country rallies around the Thai King, who is both the official and constitutional head of Thai Kingdom (Baker & Phongpaichit 35). There are countless festivals, seasonal celebrations and rituals to mark the KingÃ¢â¬â¢s birthday, the royal history and the history of Thailand. A short insight into the history of Thailand revealed that past Thai Kings had fought many battles to keep Thai people alive. Till today, Thailand is one of the countries in the world that has never been colonized by any foreign powers. So, Thai culture is almost unaffected by any strange culture unlike in case of many former colonist countries, where the colonialist cultures, be it British, French or Portuguese have changed the way people in such countries behave. Thai culture remains traditionally Thai, though modernity is changing the peopleÃ¢â¬â¢s lifestyles, but it doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t forcefully erase Thai traditional ways of life. Starting with fashion, the traditional Thai fashion is made from the shining Thai silk that has several colors. Shirts could be made for men using the silk, and Thai women often adore themselves with tight skirts, wrappers and blouse sewed from the Thai silk. A typical festival in Thailand would reveal how colorful this Thai silk is, and how fitting they look on Thai people. In the area of food and dishes, there are traditional but delicious Thai cuisines: prominent among them are the Tom Yum Kung and rice and noodles. Like most Asian dishes, Thai foods are salty, peppery, spicy, sweet or n\bitter. Rice appears to be the staple food for Thai people, but they eat it with varieties of soups and other side
Sunday, November 17, 2019
About and for the death penalty Essay The idea of your life for a life; the vast majority of our population is in favor of the death penalty. For thousands of years it has been used as a punishment for crimes. Through government for crimes against the State to churches for crimes against their religions, Impositions of the death penalty is extraordinarily rare. Since 1967 there has been one execution for every 1600 murders or 0.06%. There have been approximately 560,000 murders and 358 executions from 1967-1996. (UCR) As we continue the war on crime, two factors stand out: Ending all crime is impossible but controlling it is a must. Regardless of the voices of the Anti-Death Penalty Movement, the only control is deterrence, the only deterrence is control. With all the statistics on deterrence, economic ramifications and secure limitation on allowed appeals. The death penalty should remain the United States primary weapon against capital crime. Is the death penalty a successful deterrent and does it save the lives of innocent citizens? A question raised and argued for years in the past and still in the spotlight. For justice to be deterring, the severity of the punishment must outweigh the crime. With life in prison without the possibility of parole an inmate has no care if he kills again. This is very evident considering, at the roughly 52,000 state prison inmates serving time for murder in 1984, an estimated 810 had previously been convicted of murder and had killed 821 persons and following their previous murder convictions. Executing each of these inmates would have saved 821 lives. (41, 1 Stanford Law Review, 11/88, Pd 153) We can then look at the number of convicted murderers that are either released too soon due to cases being overturned based on past conviction. New laws brought on by judicial decisions in other cases or even escape. Its not the executions that reduce murder rates but the reduction of the number of murders. See more: Unemployment problems and solutions essay Many other factors are argued about the death penalty including but not limited to the cost of life without parole LOWP vs. the death penalty. Opponents present, as facts, that the death penalty is so expensive (at least $2 million per case), that we must choose life without parole at aÃ cost of $1 million for 50 years. Without a doubt the up front costs of the death penalty are higher than for an equivalent LWOP cases. There is also no question that over time LWOP cases become much more expensive. JFA states that in these estimates It should be noted that we were intentionally generous in minimizing life costs within our analysisJFA. As you have seen here more controversy on why opponents feel the death penalty should be abolished but when totaled up and a limitation being established for how long an inmate can stall his execution then that cost would be lower. Here it is shown that the death penalty is also an economically balanced way to deal with those who commit capitol crimes (JFA). In our United States Constitution an individual whose trial resulted in a guilty verdict has the right to appeal his case. Our system at this time has no limits on the amount of appeals an individual is entitled to, and this is why the average death row inmate sits with hopes of an overturned appeal to change their sentence to life imprisonment instead of death. What kind of deterrence is the sentence of death when a convicted felon has so many opportunities to delay or lessen the punishment for the crime they committed? In 1996 President Clinton signed the Effective Death Penalty and Anti-terrorist Bill. It is designed to limit the appeal time frame after a death sentence verdictÃ (DeRienzo). The Opponents bring up Amendment rights in the Constitution and thus this is still under debate but what about the rights of the victim? Where is the justice giving a convicted murderer the rights they took away from another. In the years since the Supreme Court re-instituted the death penalt y through 1994, there have been approximately 467,000 homicides in the United States. Based on that number, 2.8 people will die every hour at theÃ hands of another person. (JFA) Death row inmates are often on death row for years, some upwards of twenty years. This is paid for with the taxpayers money. While in prison, inmates have many privileges, including cable television, the chance to pursue a college degree, and free health care, all at our expense. It is appalling to think these people have a life of leisure while in prison. There are even some death penalty opponents who believe that these convicts serving LWOP arent treated fair and deserve better living conditions and more rights. Lost in this passionate pursuit of human rights are the rights of the dead victim and those of that victims family. The appeal process is lengthy and time-consuming. The death penalty informs society that by committing capital crimes, your rights do change and you will suffer the same fate. Through out time many aspects of the death penalty have proven that it can be a deterrent for would-be murderers where by it does save lives. Not possible for all but some families get a sense of closure from the grief and anger brought forth by the loss of a loved one. Those who commit vicious crimes destroy the basis on which a moral community rests and forfeit their rights to citizenship and even life itself (Cauthen) Simply put locking a murderer up for life doesnt do the trick. The laws change, people forget and parole boards change too, this seams to deteriorate with a life in prison sentence. As long as a murderer lives no matter how small a chance, he will probably strike again. Expediting the execution process gives the family of the victims closure. To have the process drawn out for years only keeps the pain fresh and life for them is onÃ hold until justice is served. Furthermore it is an insult to them to put the rights of aÃ murderer over the rights of the victim. The convict demonstrated a lack of regard for human life by taking the life of another. The basic premise of human intelligence is theÃ ability to reason and make decisions. This person made a conscious decision to take a life. Regret and remorse will not change the outcome of those actions. This person does not deserve the life comfort found in todays prisons. As you have read here todays judicial system seems to forget about the victims in these heinous crimes to humanity by criminals and almost reward them by supporting them for the rest of their lives. Justice is in the eyes of those that are law abiding not those that break the law. This is why I feel that the death penalty is the best deterrent, it is pro-economic and with limits on appeals, Innocent people will live and capitol crime will have capital punishment.
Friday, November 15, 2019
The Elephant Man John Merrick, a man so pathetic and helpless because of the curse of his extremely disfigured body he carries around with him. Lots of people are born with some deformity or another, but none such as the case of John Merrick, in other words, Ã¢â¬ËThe Elephant ManÃ¢â¬â¢ who was given this name because he was so deformed he resembled an extremely ugly elephant. The movie shows how John Merrick is marginalized not only by the general public, but also the poorest of people to such an extent that his life was a misery. This movie shows how cynical people can be towards fellow human beings. His abnormalities did not even allow him to take a walk in the garden by day light as the common society looked at him with complete disgust. Although John suffers much, he manages to win a few hearts with the help of his Ã¢â¬ËfriendÃ¢â¬â¢, Dr. Frederick Treves, and when he was content with his life he commits suicide. Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã In this story the darker side of society is witnessed and their utterly cynical behaviour is practiced on John, for one reason only Ã¢â¬â he does not look like any other normal human being. It is seen how the general public reacts in the very beginning of the movie, when Mr. Bytes presents him in the carnival just like an animal would be presented in front of an audience in a circus. In addition to this injustice Mr. Bytes brutally beats him which further disfigures him and then calls him as a Ã¢â¬ËfreakÃ¢â¬â¢. When Dr. Treves takes John to the hospital, a dispute brakes out whether he should be allowed to stay in the hospital, for no other reason, but only because he was so ugly. In one part of the movie it is shown how one nurse is upset with another nurse because the latter had her involved in the care of John Merrick which she did not like, because he was so ugly that it scared her. Amongst all the negative people in John MerrickÃ¢â¬â¢s life, the nigh t porter who in one part of the movie refers to himself as Ã¢â¬ËSunny JimÃ¢â¬â¢ is the most cynical character in the entire story. His vile and selfish behavior tempted him to earn an extra income at John MerrickÃ¢â¬â¢s expense. He would take money from people and expose them to John, where the women would look at him with awe and fear while the men literally played around with him as if he were nothing but some broken toy. It is noticed how John was marginalized even by the lowest of classes even thought they themselves were amon... ...rson on a bed, which he was not supposed to because of his head being too large, which in turn would kill him. Yet he decided to sleep like a normal person, so he arranged his bed and went into the blanket and sleptÃ¢â¬ ¦forever. He committed suicide. Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã¢â¬ËThe Elephant ManÃ¢â¬â¢ is what John Merrick is referred to due to his physical abnormality which was close to that of an elephant. John had lots of people in his life that looked at him with an evil, selfish and cynical eye thus marginalizing him to the extreme. Due to his pathetic and out of place facial features he was not accepted by society thus he was always indoors unable to have an independent life. Besides all of this John still achieved some happiness with the help of Dr. Treves who helped him to gain the hearts of many people and when he felt that he had lived his life to his heartÃ¢â¬â¢s content he committed suicide. John Merrick went down in history books as a legend, because he led a life of extremes, which was filled with sorrow, but happiness towards the end of his life. When he was tired of being pushed around and had achieved sufficient love and happiness he slept to his death thus ending the curse of Ã¢â¬ËThe Elephant ManÃ¢â¬â¢.
Tuesday, November 12, 2019
All writers are creative types, with cluttered desks, and messy piles, right? To be a good writer, one lives on coffee and stale potato chips only coming up for air when the bookÃ¢â¬â¢s done, right? Maybe. Or maybe we as writers have convinced ourselves that this is how a Ã¢â¬Å"realÃ¢â¬ writer acts. Writers spend so much time trying to determine when they will be a Ã¢â¬Å"realÃ¢â¬ writer. Just like the stereotype that all accountants wear green eyeshades, the stereotypes about writers persist whether they are accurate or not. Writing is generally considered a creative Ã¢â¬Å"right-brainÃ¢â¬ activity. However, you donÃ¢â¬â¢t have to turn off the left-half of your brain to be a writer. The best writers learn the secrets of when to use their right-brain and when to use their left-brain. The most successful writers realize that writing is a business, and just like any other business, a certain amount of organization and timeliness is required. The best writers can read their mood. On creative days, they crank out the pages to their novel. On left-brain days, they send out invoices, clean out their files, and clean off their desks. MESSY VS. ORGANIZED Certain personality types crave Ã¢â¬Å"messes. Ã¢â¬ The clutter makes them feel comfortable. But it also eats away at their writing time since they spend it searching through piles of papers and old half-eaten sandwiches. The secret for the messy writer is to confine the messes to a Ã¢â¬Å"messy zone. Ã¢â¬ The messy zone is limited to one shelf in an office or the basket next to a reading chair. The mess is still there for the comfort factor, but it doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t take over. PROCRASTINATOR The procrastinating writer writes the book but never sends the manuscript. Their brilliant ideas pile up, but they never send a query. ThereÃ¢â¬â¢s always a better timeÃ¢â¬ ¦later. Unfortunately, the procrastinator never feels the joy of success. The procrastinator needs rewards, and lots of them. By planning wonderful rewards for simple acts, the procrastinator realizes the best time to write isnÃ¢â¬â¢t later. ItÃ¢â¬â¢s right now. PERFECTIONIST The perfectionist writes the book but never finishes it. They are constantly revising, editing and reworking. This time eater takes away the fun of writing. Since nothing is ever good enough, whatÃ¢â¬â¢s the point of writing anything? The perfectionist needs positive feedback and reinforcement. When they hear others say, Ã¢â¬Å"This is really good. You should submit it,Ã¢â¬ they can silence the inner critic that says, Ã¢â¬Å"You could make it sound better. Ã¢â¬ What is a real writer? ItÃ¢â¬â¢s actually anyone who puts words to paper and sends them out into the world. And while anyone can sit down with a word processor, only real writers overcome the personality traits that could sidetrack them. Want to learn more? Visit http://www. organizedwriter. com? src=a103. Julie Hood is the author of Ã¢â¬Å"The Organized Writer: 30 Days to More Time, More Money and Less Frustration,Ã¢â¬ a new ebook with a roadmap for combining a writing career with the rest of your life. She manages the OrganizedWriter. com web site and writes Writer-Reminders, a weekly newsletter for writers. Newsletter subscribers receive a free ebook, The Sidetracked WriterÃ¢â¬â¢s Planner. When she isnÃ¢â¬â¢t writing, she sneaks in cleaning house around a busy household with two children, her husband, and two avid golfers. Copyright 2002 (c) Julie Hood, Finally Organized LLC. All Rights Reserved. Reprinted with permission.
Sunday, November 10, 2019
The United Nations defines human rights as Ã¢â¬Å"[Ã¢â¬ ¦] rights inherent to all human beings, whatever our nationality, place of residence, sex, national or ethnic origin, religion, language or any other statusÃ¢â¬ (OHCHR 2009). They are rights that are guaranteed to all human beings simply because they are human. When people speak of Ã¢â¬Ëhaving a rightÃ¢â¬â¢ or Ã¢â¬Ëit is their rightÃ¢â¬â¢ to have this or that or to do that or the other, it is usually a reference to their human rights. To have a right implies an entitlement to something. Other people are obligated to give it to you and if this right is endangered or denied then you can make special claims on political, moral and social grounds that will galvanize the concerned parties into action and obligate the person guilty of denying the rights to discharge them even if they are not willing. Rights can therefore be termed as rules of interaction between persons; guidelines on how humans should relate to each other. A violation of these rules is not only improper; it may subject someone to special corrective claims as well as sanctions usually but not always at the discretion of the rights holder. Right holders are therefore not just passive beneficiaries of their rights but are actively in control of them. It is worth noting that human rights are not simply abstract principles such as equality, security or liberty. Rather, they refer to the social practices that have been instituted precisely for the realization of those values and are recognized by law (Donnelly 2003, p. 7-8; 11). The international treaties on human rights have summarized human rights under two categories; civil and political rights on one hand and socio-cultural and economic rights on the other. Civil and political rights constitute the freedom of assembly, freedom from torture, freedom of speech, freedom from slavery and the right to a fair trial. On the other hand, socio- cultural and economic rights cover the right to social security, the right to equal wages for the same work irrespective of gender, right to leisure time with control of working hours, right to good health, right to free basic education and the right to take part in the community cultural life (Asher and Banks 2007, p. 4). The violation of human rights is more commonly referred to as human rights abuse. It may include physical and sexual assault, mass killings, torture, unlawful detention, disappearances of persons, forced displacement among others. Asher and Banks (2007, p. 4) point out that abuses of socio- cultural and economic rights are not as easy to pinpoint as civil and political rights violations but include forced labor, withholding of humanitarian relief supplies, destruction or seizing of property, and the various forms of discrimination. It is precisely because of these violations of human rights on a global scale that the international community sought to form treaties and declarations that would legally bind countries and compel them to observe human rights, thereby protecting all humans regardless of their place in society and their country of origin. However, before analyzing human rights in international relations, it is important to first of all understand their justification. Justification of human rights As earlier mentioned, human rights are guaranteed to humans simply by virtue of their being humans. They are equal rights, that is, one is either a human being or not. Therefore they apply equally to all humans across the board. They are also inalienable, that is, one cannot stop being a human even though he or she behaves in a totally inhuman way or conversely, is treated in an inhuman manner (Donnelly 2003, p. 10). Some people may argue that human rights should not apply to certain categories of people especially those who behave in an inhuman way towards others. But since these people cannot stop being humans, their rights remain inalienable. Thus even prisoners have their rights. However, it is worth noting that infringement of other peopleÃ¢â¬â¢s rights may cause one to loose some of his or her rights as a form of sanction. Our entitlement to human rights comes with the responsibility of ensuring that the rights of others are respected as well but even when some of these rights are taken away as a sanction for violations, it is well nigh impossible to forfeit all rights and one remains entitled to at least some fundamental rights whose violation may cause an outcry from human rights advocates Ã¢â¬â never mind that this person has violated other peopleÃ¢â¬â¢s rights (Orend 2002, p. 7). This gives rise to the question; what justifies the holding of human rights? One of the grounds on which the holding of human rights is justified is the fact that it is intrinsic to human nature. We all share a core belief that it is profoundly and distinctly wrong to cause a fellow human being to suffer. The occasioning of such harm and suffering is viewed as unjust and below what is expected of human behavior and can therefore not be tolerated at any cost. The only exception to this is if the harm inflicted is in self defense or defense of others. Thus human rights do not exist because of force or over-romanticizing of issues but simply because of an intrinsic compulsion to treat fellow human beings in a minimally civilized manner (Orend 2002, p. 69; 73). This argument draws heavily from social morality. Human rights exist in the beliefs that are shared by humans across the globe. They are a result of ethical customs and practices and their codification into law only facilitate their application though they existed before the law (Orend 2002, p. 76). The grounding of human rights on morality and ethics has however come under criticism. Some people feel that moral norms are an illusion that has subconsciously been entrenched into our thoughts and our language. This gives rise to the problem of justification. It is important for human rights to be grounded on an objective viewpoint rather than the subjectivity of others who wish to impose their beliefs on the rest of the populace (Gorecki 1996, p. 19). However, morality appears to be the best grounds for justification of human rights. This is because morality and ethics are universally upheld and all societies have a code of conduct that implies respect for fellow human beings with some sanctions when these are violated. In deed as Gorecki (1996, p. 17-18) asserts, the inalienable rights of liberty, life as well as the pursuit of happiness as proclaimed in the American Declaration of Independence were not proclaimed because of the subjective thoughts of Thomas Jefferson or the imposition of the Continental Congress. They were given independent of any subjective views since every man has these inherent rights by virtue of their humanity. Thus in this sense, human rights are objectively justified. Other validations for human rights are based on religious principles. Such arguments usually posit that human rights are ordained by God and should therefore be observed since not doing so would be in violation of GodÃ¢â¬â¢s teachings. The grounding of human rights in religious teachings places them beyond interference by man or government. Such arguments have been referred to as metaphysical justifications and they place human rights justification beyond human design; linking them to the supernatural (Edel 1978, p. 126; 128). However, Orend (2002, p. 73) argues that the premises on which religious justifications are based are Ã¢â¬ËcontroversialÃ¢â¬â¢ as well as Ã¢â¬ËexclusionaryÃ¢â¬â¢ and go against the principle of equality and universalism with respect to the protection of human rights. A third human rights justification is based on the premise of legal positivism. Legal positivism implies that it is only those rights which have been ratified into law that are applicable and legitimate. Thus people are compelled to observe human rights lest they be punished by the law. The penalties for not obeying human rights are outlined and include imprisonment, the payment of fines and simply the burden of a criminal record. There are numerous declarations, charters and treaties which provide these legal guidelines for the countries and they apply across the globe. However, Orend (2002, p. 4) points out a weakness in this justification, stating that in the event that some important human rights have not been ratified, then this may pose a problem since people do not feel obliged to observe them. Human rights and international relations Human rights are universal and are therefore guaranteed by international law. International human rights laws have been expressed through the formation of treaties, application of general human rights principles and customar y international law among others. International laws on human rights obligate governments across the globe to act in certain ways or to desist from engaging in particular acts that may violate the rights of the citizens. This is done with a view to protecting the fundamental rights and freedoms of all humans across the globe (OHCHR 2009). There are numerous international treaties, charters and declarations that have been internationally agreed upon through numerous human rights conventions and which outline how international human rights will be handled. For instance, the 1945 International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights Article 7 states that no one should be subjected to any inhuman, cruel or degrading treatment. Ignatieff terms this article as the Ã¢â¬Ëjuridical revolutionÃ¢â¬â¢ of human rights. Other internationally recognized human rights documents are the 1948 Geneva conventions, the 1949 Geneva conventions revision, the International convention on asylum of 1951 and the Universal Declaration of human rights (Ignatieff et al 2003, p. vii). The Universal Declaration of Human Rights was proclaimed by the United Nations General Assembly in 1948. It is one of the most recognized human rights documents and outline basic rights and freedoms of the individual which are to be recognized globally (UN 2009). The Universal declaration of human rights- this great and inspiring instrument was born of an increased sense of responsibility by the international community for the promotion and protection of manÃ¢â¬â¢s basic rights and freedoms. The world has come to a clear realization of the fact that freedom, justice and world peace can only be assured through the international promotion and protection of these rights and freedoms. U Thant, Third United Nations Secretary- General, 1961-1971 (UN Cyberschoolbus, 2009) The above quote perhaps best exemplifies the commitment of the international community towards the promotion of human rights. The internationalization of human rights meant that they were no longer the preserve of the state but that the states were answerable to the international community for the treatment that they accorded their citizens. However, there is no decisive action with which to deal with states that violate international rights violations (Forsythe 2006, p. 5).
Friday, November 8, 2019
Flannery O'Connor's story Ã¢â¬Å"A Good Man is Hard to FindÃ¢â¬ presents a great portrait of a woman who creates herself and a world through her she interpreted. At least that is what Mary Jane Shenck thinks of the Flannery O'Connor story. Several different people have several different views of this controversial and climatic work of O'Connor's. In this paper I will take a look at these different views of different situations and characters in this book. First we will take a look at grandmother. She is made to look like the saint in this story. She, in contrast to the rest, is the good person, always looking out for the best of others. She is not going on vacation; she is going to visit her connections in Tennessee. While on the drive, to their destination, she sits and admires the scenery as the others are more interested in the funny papers or the sports section. She brings the cat along on the trip for the good of the cat. She didn't want the cat to accidentally kill himself by turning on the gas on the stove or something. She is the Christ-like figure of this story, and this is more relevant at the end of the story when she confronts the Misfit. Just like in so many other O'Connor stories the grandmother, the good character, is going to take the hardest fall. The Misfit appears many different ways in this story. His first appearance in the story he seems to be a scholar. Wearing his silver-rimmed glasses and a black hat. This description would also fit a description of a rabbi. This image comes just by looking at his head. His shirtless torso and blue jeans, which didn't quite fit right, and gun in hand, kind of veer us away from thinking of him as being a good man. Of course the limitations of his character don't stop at his appearance. He also is a record keeper. He writes down everything he does and signs it. This way he knows what he has done and what he hasn't. He tells the grandmother this before killing her. The reason... Free Essays on A Critical Response To Flannery O Connor Free Essays on A Critical Response To Flannery O Connor Flannery O'Connor's story Ã¢â¬Å"A Good Man is Hard to FindÃ¢â¬ presents a great portrait of a woman who creates herself and a world through her she interpreted. At least that is what Mary Jane Shenck thinks of the Flannery O'Connor story. Several different people have several different views of this controversial and climatic work of O'Connor's. In this paper I will take a look at these different views of different situations and characters in this book. First we will take a look at grandmother. She is made to look like the saint in this story. She, in contrast to the rest, is the good person, always looking out for the best of others. She is not going on vacation; she is going to visit her connections in Tennessee. While on the drive, to their destination, she sits and admires the scenery as the others are more interested in the funny papers or the sports section. She brings the cat along on the trip for the good of the cat. She didn't want the cat to accidentally kill himself by turning on the gas on the stove or something. She is the Christ-like figure of this story, and this is more relevant at the end of the story when she confronts the Misfit. Just like in so many other O'Connor stories the grandmother, the good character, is going to take the hardest fall. The Misfit appears many different ways in this story. His first appearance in the story he seems to be a scholar. Wearing his silver-rimmed glasses and a black hat. This description would also fit a description of a rabbi. This image comes just by looking at his head. His shirtless torso and blue jeans, which didn't quite fit right, and gun in hand, kind of veer us away from thinking of him as being a good man. Of course the limitations of his character don't stop at his appearance. He also is a record keeper. He writes down everything he does and signs it. This way he knows what he has done and what he hasn't. He tells the grandmother this before killing her. The reason...
Tuesday, November 5, 2019
Il y a - French Pronunciation and Meaning Expression: Il y aPronunciation: [ee lya]Meaning: there is, there areLiteral translation: it has thereRegister: normal How to Use Il y a in French Notes: The French expression il y a, which can mean there is or there are, is one of the most important expressions in the French language. It is most commonly followed by an indefinite article noun, a number noun, or an indefinite pronoun. Il y a un chaton dans cette tasse.Theres a kitten in this cup.Il y a des enfants l-bas.There are some kids over there.Il y a deux choses faire.There are two things to do.Il y a quelquun la porte.Theres someone at the door.Il y a may be followed by a period of time to mean ago (not to be confused with depuis):Jai vu le film il y a trois semaines.I saw the movie three weeks ago.Il y a 2 ans que nous sommes partis.We left two years ago.To ask a question with il y a, you can either use est-ce que or inversion.Est-ce quil y a un chaton ?Is there a kitten?Est-ce quil y a des enfants ?Are there any kids ?For inversion, place y first, then invert il and a and place -t- between them (why?):Y a-t-il un chaton ?Is there a kitten?Y a-t-il des enfants ?Are there any kids? Il y a can also be used with interrogative words: Pourquoi est-ce quil y a un chat dans mon litÃ ?Why is there a cat in my bed?Combien denfants y a-t-il ?How many kids are there?Quest-ce quil y aÃ ? and Quy a-t-ilÃ ?Ã mean Whats wrong? Note:Ã The only correct inversion spelling is y a-t-il, with exactly two hyphens and no apostrophes. Please avoid y-a-t-il, y-a-til , y a-til , y a-til, y a til, etc. To use il y a in a negative construction, place n (why not ne?) in front of y and pas after a. Remember that the indefinite article must change to de due to the negative construction: Il ny a pas de chaton dans cette tasse.There is no kitten in that cup.Il ny a pas denfants l-bas.There arent any kids over there. Il y a is made up of three words1) il - the subject it2) y - the adverbial pronoun there3) a - the third person singular present tense of avoir - to have To use il y a in another tense, simply conjugate avoir into that tense: Ã Ã Ã Il y avait un chaton...There was a kitten...Il y aura des chatons...There will be some kittens...Il ny a pas eu de chaton...There was no kitten...
Sunday, November 3, 2019
The project management as the system of managing sequence of events - Essay Example While the path that has maximum constrains for the resources needed for the completion is refereed as critical chain. The two major factors that any infrastructure project must be analyzed for feasibility are the Existence of long term demand for the initiative and the existing governance framework are the two important aspects to be considered here. Thus the infrastructure projects are not built with unmet expectations besides linking them with other well functioning infrastructure projects. The stand alone infrastructure development initiatives are very difficult to be very successful (Booz Allen Hamilton, 2002). Infrastructure projects them selves may not directly be revenue generating but they provide necessary support systems which could create centers of high rate of revenue generation. But in the case of ROI the proposals are very clear and clear quantification of the return is possible. The ROI also offers opportunities that could structure the project to attain the benefits in a very quick way. The ISO implementation process for the project management operations shall be planned as per the stipulated ISO standard : ISO 25100. This standard would be able to give necessary guidelines to create a common framework for project operations mainly communication and knowledge transfer across different units of the project team. The process would involve five key different steps namely planning, analysis, design, implementation and maintenance. The planning operation refers to creation of the logical sequence of events explaining how each step in the project information system could be operationalised. This step must foresee the resource requirement and possible threats expected from the system at the time of implementation. This is followed by the analysis where the strength, weakness opportunities and treats of the system would be brought to light. The observations and findings about the project system would lead to the
Friday, November 1, 2019
Art With Cassical Myth - Essay Example The inside of the cup gives an insight of other two Achaeans, who are involved in a discussion of the momentous events dispassionately spread over the exterior friezes. This is one of the earliest instances in which a single epic theme links all three images. Braises are pictured dressed like a bride when she departures from the Achilles camp. A bridal gesture is given when she lifts her veil with one hand and a firm tug at the wrist. She is accompanied by her military escorts who are in military dress labeled as Agamemnon.Ã¢â¬ In his departure, his companion Diomedes an important Greek hero at Troy makes his presence to be seen as a kind of prolepsis reference depicted on the other side of the vase, at the embassy to Achilles. Our vase supports our alternative version in the epic tradition, that Agamemnon had used threats to go and fetch braizes. This is supported by Achilles words to his mother that Agamemnon has his prize away. These words are echoed their sites in his diatribe against Agamemnon and Nestor when having an argument with Agamemnon to make amends. Here we begin to see the threats posed on the minds of the characters and what actually happened.Diomedes did not belong to the embassy scene either did it exist. He is a mere allusion, as one of the younger and most enthusiastic of the Achaean heroes. He shows his loyalty to Agamemnon and the Greeks. Markons scene acquires power by placing Agamemnon in physical contact with braizes, although it loses its importance through the omission of Achilles.
Wednesday, October 30, 2019
Corporate Strategy - Essay Example tinuous corporate process which examines the corporate business status and the industry competition in which the corporate is operating in, assessing the competition and setting goals and strategies to meet new challenges. (David, 1989) This paper will therefore look into a mini case for Starbucks Company which is trying to enter the Indian market. The main issues that will be addressed by the paper will be; entry problem and market entry analysis using porters 5 forces model. It will finally give a briefing note on the case. In the recent past, trading has become increasingly global in some way because of the need to gather and increase the companyÃ¢â¬â¢s financial base. To achieve greater investments and better market opportunities in the international market, companies are opening new branches in different countries. Starbucks Company is one of the companies that are expanding its market and it has targeted the Indian market. Starbucks Corporation is an American company based in Washington, which buys makes and sell coffees and coffee drinks in many of its international retail outlets chains. Starbucks started as a seller of packaged high quality coffee, today Starbucks has developed to become one of the best companies known for its coffeehouses, giving its customers a place to buy beverages and other food items in addition of the packaged whole bean coffee. The company is given credit on changing how people in America and the world all over perceive and take coffee. (Business Week, 2007) In relation to its expansion plans Starbuck has been eyeing the Indian market which is among the biggest markets in Asia because of the high population the country has. However, the government of India have been taking time in allowing the company to enter the Indian market. Starbucks Company had intended to have a joint venture with an Indian company named New Horizon. New Horizon Company already operates 45 Starbucks retail outlets in Indonesia. The joint venture was a
Monday, October 28, 2019
Fast Food and Childhood Obesity Essay In the past decade there has been a rise of obesity in children. I believe along with many credible sources that a lot of the reoccurring obesity problems we face with children have to do with fast food. You could almost say that fast food is kind of like a drug for kids. It is always fun to go out to eat as well as take in food that is high in calories and saturated fat. Although fast food may be a large factor in childhood obesity, it is also safe to say that itÃ¢â¬â¢s not the only factor. Are we placing too much blame on the fast food industry for making our kids obese, or is it our fault as parents and caregivers? Fast Food Then and Now Compared to how fast food chains functioned when they first opened and how they operate now you will see a huge difference; not only in their food selection but also in the portion sizes. For example, when McDonaldÃ¢â¬â¢s first opened in 1955 their cheeseburger was only 1. 6 ounces and now you can get a cheeseburger for almost 8 ounces (Monte, 2008). The sizes are almost a 400 calorie increaseÃ¢â¬â400 calories could be more than one whole meal for a child. Every year portion sizes are essentially getting larger and larger. A small now would have been a medium just five years ago (White, n. d. ). Not only have the portion sizes gotten larger but so has the menu. Fast food chains now have been offering smoothies, sundaes, pie slices, and even cinnamon rolls. They offer more menu options that offer more calories and saturated fats. Along with these they have also gotten better with offering some healthy options too like apples and low fat milk, but who goes to a fast food restaurant to get apples and milk? There are 3,039 possible kidsÃ¢â¬â¢ meal combinations and out of that only 12 combinations meet the nutrition criteria for preschoolerÃ¢â¬â¢s and 15 for all other children (Oren Dodson, 2010). The only kind of company who would essentially poison children like that is ones who are trying to make a fast buck and that is the goal for all of these fast food companies. They donÃ¢â¬â¢t realize or they do and just donÃ¢â¬â¢t care that they are poisoning our youth and even adults. Advertisements For the past ten years or so fast food chains have been advertising to children. Kids spend more time watching TV than any other activity they do besides sleeping (Nestle, 2006). Fast food chains have taken advantage of this by placing most of their ads on programs like Nickelodeon, Disney, and even PBS. They know that if they spend millions on advertising on children networks that they will get their return on investing in them. Children see more than 32% more fast food ads on TV now than in 2003 (Oren Dodson, 2010). In 2009, McDonaldÃ¢â¬â¢s spent the most out of all the fast food companies on advertising to children. They spent almost 900 million dollars targeting ages 6-11. Subways was in a very far out second spending a little over 400 million dollars targeting 12-17 year olds (Harris, Schwartz Brownell, 2010). Studies have also shown that Hispanics and African American children see more than 50% more fast food ads than white children (Oren Dodson, 2010). With this there are more fast food chains in African American and Hispanic dominated neighborhoods. Family Statistics You can probably assume that every family in the U. S. goes to fast food restaurants on occasion but some go more than others. Studies have shown that families with lesser income are more exposed to fast food than other families who have a higher income (Block Scribner, 2004). With the economy the way it is, much more people are making much less and this is causing more and more families to visit fast food places rather than eating at home. You can go to a fast food joint and spend ten dollars for the whole family to eat rather than spending hundreds of dollars at a grocery store. In an article I just read, less than one third of Americans are eating their meals from scratch; meaning actually cooking and serving them to their families (Voigts, 2005). This was published seven years agoÃ¢â¬âjust think of where we are now! I conducted an interview with my sister, Morgan Dutton, who is an extreme fitness guru, health nut, and she also has children. I asked her what she thought about this obesity epidemic in our youth and she said, Ã¢â¬Å"I cannot believe all of the staggering statistics regarding kids and fast food. I am not sure why parents wouldnÃ¢â¬â¢t want their kids eating the healthiest food option rather than the fastest. Kids are starting to get diabetes earlier and it reduces their life span by years. Fast food is essentially killing our kids, it may be slowly but it is happening (personal communication, October 15th, 2012). Ã¢â¬ Drawing the Line So whose fault is it that our childrenÃ¢â¬â¢s generation is getting more and more obese? Should we blame it on fast foodÃ¢â¬âwhen can we blame ourselves? As a parent I want my child to live the longest healthiest life they can live and when I take them to places like McDonaldÃ¢â¬â¢s and Burger King I am basically poisoning their body. It may be fast food that is making them obese but isnÃ¢â¬â¢t it our fault for taking them there in the first place? Exposing them to that kind of food especially early on in their life is only going to make it harder for them when they get older and can make their own decisions. Conclusion Rather than placing blame for the obesity problem with our children maybe we should be taking action. You could blame fast food chains for making your kid obese or you could even blame yourself because you took them there. ParentÃ¢â¬â¢s need to start making better decisions on what they are putting in their kids bodies because they may outlive their own child. There are so many chemicals and toxins in fast food that people are not aware of. Fast food may be cheap and it may be fast but in the long scheme of things, it is killing our kids.
Saturday, October 26, 2019
Musical Expression and Musical Meaning in Context 1. Some preliminaries. There is a growing body of work in the philosophy of music and musical aesthetics that has considered the various ways that music can be meaningful: music as representational (that is, musical depictions of persons, places, processes, or events); musical as quasi-linguistic reference (as when a musical figure underscores the presence of a character in a film or opera), and most especially, music as emotionally expressive. Here I will focus on the last topic, for I believe it will be useful for researchers in music perception and cognition to avail themselves of the distinctions that aestheticians have worked out regarding the musical expression of emotion. Now we often say that music is "expressive," or that a performer plays with great expression, but what exactly do we mean? There are at least two things one may be saying. First, one may be praising a performer for their musical sensitivity, that he or she has a keen sense of just how a passage is supposed to be played. Such praise is often couched in terms of the performer's "musicality" (in statements that border on the oxymoronic, as when one says that a performer plays the music very musically). Such praise may also be couched in terms of expression--i.e., that a performer plays "expressively." I have little to say about these attributions, save that they are often linked to the second thing one often means when speaking of the music or a performance being expressive: an expressive piece or performance is one that recognizably embodies a particular emotion, and indeed may cause a sympathetic emotional response in the listener. Thus if one plays "expressively," this means that the music's particular emotional qualities--its sadness, gaiety, exuberance, and so forth, are amply conveyed by the performer. Before we discuss those emotional qualities a number of other preliminary remarks are in order. When we speak of the expressive properties of music, these are distinct from the expressive properties of sound. Sounds may be loud, shrill, acoustically rough or smooth, and so forth. These acoustic qualities have expressive correlates and may trigger emotional responses, and of course one cannot have music without sound. But musical expression is more than this: it requires the attention to the music qua music, rather than as mere sounds. The opening "O Fortuna" of Carmina Burana may shock (and indeed scare) the listener due to its sudden loudness (especially when the bass drum starts whacking away), but this shock isn't a musical effect--we get the same reaction when we here a sudden "bang" at a fireworks display or when a car backfires.
Thursday, October 24, 2019
In Ralph Waldo EmersonÃ¢â¬â¢s work, Ã¢â¬Å"NatureÃ¢â¬ , the speaker forces the reader to analyze their core beliefs and values. The speaker asks, Ã¢â¬Å"why should we grope among the dry bones of the past, or put the living generation into masquerade out of its faded wardrobe? The sun shines today alsoÃ¢â¬ . By asking this simple question, the speaker is essentially asking the audience why they should accept the beliefs and traditions handed down to them through their ancestors instead of creating their own. This question is furthered when the speaker states, Ã¢â¬Å"There are new lands, new men, new thoughts. Let us demand our own works and laws and worshipÃ¢â¬ . The speaker is making a call to his readers for a change in society. Rather than blindly accept the laws and beliefs from long gone ancestors, the speaker is challenging his audience to be independent thinkers, and follow their own path of discovery, rather than continue to be force fed hundred year old traditions. In the poem, Ã¢â¬Å"Apparently With No SurpriseÃ¢â¬ , the speaker is admiring a flower and suddenly it dies. Through the language in the poem, it seems as though the speaker is questioning whether God oversees life and death within nature. In this poem, nature is portrayed as a brutal assassin, taking the life from an innocent and blooming flower. The Frost is named the murderer, but the speaker says that it has done so in Ã¢â¬Å"accidental powerÃ¢â¬ while at play. The speaker proceeds to question whether there is a God that controls natureÃ¢â¬â¢s violent tendancies. In the last few lines of the poem, the speaker answers her own questions, by noting that God is approving of natureÃ¢â¬â¢s order, which is reflected in the line that reads, Ã¢â¬Å"The Sun proceeds unmoved to measure off another Day for an Approving GodÃ¢â¬ . The tone of the poem suggests that the speaker things that God is just as malevolent as nature for allowing nature to take its course. 3. The most important characteristic of the landscape in Ã¢â¬Å"Desert PlacesÃ¢â¬ is the snow. Frost notes that the ground is Ã¢â¬Å"almost covered smooth in snowÃ¢â¬ , which gives the reader a sense of coldness and expansive nothingness in an environment that is typically warm and inviting. It seems as though Frost is comparing this desert to himself. By stating that the desert is a Ã¢â¬Å"blanker whiteness of benighted snow with no expressionÃ¢â¬ , Frost gives the reader a sense of emptiness that not only is a characteristic of the snow, but also of how empty and emotionless he feels. Frost ties together the desert and his own emotions in the last few lines of the poem. Frost ties the description of a vast and barren desert with the feelings of emptiness and lack of emotion that he feels about his own life. By ending the poem with the line, Ã¢â¬Å"to scare myself with my own desert placesÃ¢â¬ , Frost displays his fear at his absolute lack of emotion and emptiness. Ã¢â¬Å"Kitchenette BuildingÃ¢â¬ uses many terms to explain how life in this urban society feels. Gwendolyn Brooks uses the term Ã¢â¬Å"involuntary planÃ¢â¬ to describe the situation that the black speaker is currently in. The Ã¢â¬Å"involuntary planÃ¢â¬ describes shady real estate deals that created small, cramped apartments for black tenants from what were previously spacious apartments in white neighborhoods. The speaker is showing the reader how the slum lords have exploited the black tenants in this urban society. The speaker makes reference to the Ã¢â¬Å"garbage ripening in the hallÃ¢â¬ , which is another way in which the exploitation of the black tenant is made apparent Ã¢â¬â the simple maintenance of disposing of the trash is ignored by these shady landlords. The speaker also notes that Ã¢â¬Å"we wonder. But not well! Not for a minute!Ã¢â¬ , which indicates that she doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t have the time or the energy to meditate on the problem of exploitation, or any wa y to attempt to change it. As soon as the fifth member of the family emerges from the bathroom, her thoughts shift to more practical things, such as a warm bath. 5. In Allen GinsbergÃ¢â¬â¢s work, Ã¢â¬Å"HowlÃ¢â¬ , he makes reference to Moloch in an attempt to criticize the society of 1950s America. Moloch refers to a biblical idol to which sacrifices of children were brought. By comparing 1950s American society to this bloodthirsty idol, Ginsberg is painting a clear picture of his view of the era that America had entered into at that time. Ginsberg paints prisons, apartments, and industries as all that is evil with society with the line that reads, Ã¢â¬Å"Moloch! Moloch! Robot apartments! invisible suburbs! skeleton treasuries! blind capitals! Demonic industries!Ã¢â¬ Ã Ginsberg is making the point that with the new industrialization of society, the forgotten artists, musicians, and creative thoughts are forgotten, and even given a negative connotation. Ginsberg makes it clear that he believes that the industry with their factories and warehouses only create more of a diversion from the artistic world of colors and music. This point is made though the line that reads, Ã¢â¬Å"Moloch whose factories dream and croak in the fog! Moloch whose smokestacks and antennae crown the cities!Ã¢â¬ As an artist himself, Ginsberg is forcing society to recognize the apparent evils of the industrialization of his society.6. In Sarah Orne JewettÃ¢â¬â¢s work, Ã¢â¬Å"A White HeronÃ¢â¬ , the main character, Sylvia is a young girl, who has a love for animals. She is befriended by a hunter, who is tracking a white heron that he intends to kill and add to his collection of stuffed birds. Sylvia perches in a giant pine tree very early in the morning, searching for the heron to make her new friend happy. Sylvia finds the bird nested on a branch not far from where she sits. The bird flies away and Sylvia runs home to tell the hunter where the bird is. Upon returning to her house, however, she has a change of heart and realizes that she cannot tell the hunter where the heron has gone. Though Sylvia obviously has a crush on the hunter, she allows him to go on his way without giving him the location of the heron. Though she is only a child, Sylvia has made a very adult-like choice by electing to save the life of the white heron, and not allowing herself to be coerced into confessing the birdÃ¢â¬â¢s whereabouts to the attractive man. Even though the hunter offered Sylvia a $10.00 reward for helping him find the heron, she still chooses to keep silent about the heronÃ¢â¬â¢s location. Sylvia realizes that she values life more than any reward she could receive. In William Cullen BryantÃ¢â¬â¢s work, Ã¢â¬Å"To A WaterfowlÃ¢â¬ , the speaker views a bird in flight and seems to feel an almost spiritual connection with the bird. The speaker admires the birdÃ¢â¬â¢s ability to continue on its way, day or night, even with the threat of being hunted by man. The speaker says that, Ã¢â¬Å"All day thy wings have fannÃ¢â¬â¢d at that far height, the cold thin atmosphere: Yet stoop not, weary, to the welcome land, though the dark night is nearÃ¢â¬ . In this line, that speaker is almost admiring the birdÃ¢â¬â¢s dedication to continuing on its path until it reaches its destination, without stopping because it is tired. This gives the speaker a sense of pushing forward even when things seem hard or one is weary. The speaker watches the bird and imagines it reaching its destination and finding a Ã¢â¬Å"summer home, and restÃ¢â¬ , which is the birdÃ¢â¬â¢s reward for its dedication. The bird disappears into the sky, and the speaker feels that the bird has been cared for by God. This thought makes the speaker realize that if God can care and provide for a bird, God can certainly guide the path of the speaker.